In the case of a disaster or a threatening situation there’s a big chance that you or someone else around you will get injured.
In the first section we have mentioned the first aid kit that you will need to treat injuries. But also you need to know how to stop bleedings and especially major ones!
For severe bleeding, take these actions immediately:
1- Remove Debris from the Wound
Remove any obvious dirt or debris from the wound, but don’t remove large objects, especially ones that are deeply embedded inside the wound.
2- Stop the Bleeding
Put a sterile bandage on the wound, and if you don’t have one use a clean cloth.
Put pressure on the bandage with your palm to control the bleeding, then secure it with an adhesive tape if available, unless use your bare hands.
Always remember to raise the injured limb above the level of the heart.
Be careful: Never put pressure on eye injuries or on embedded objects! Never try to reposition displaced organs or put pressure on them!
3- Injured Person Position
Always help the injured person to lie down on a blanket or anything that can prevent his body from losing heat, also cover him if possible.
Remember to be careful to not touch any embedded objects or dislocated organs.
Elevate his legs so blood gets better flow to vital organs.
4- Secure the Bandage
If you are seeing that the bleeding is seeping through the bandage or the cloth you used, don’t remove it! Just place another bandage on top of it and keep pressing firmly on the area.
Tourniquets are a good solution to use if you are sure you can reach medical help soon.
Place the tourniquet on the injured limb just between the heart and the wound.
If you do not have a professional tourniquet use any cloth or wire you might find.
Generally it is advised to not put the tourniquet more than two hours, unless the lack of blood supply will start to cause tissue death (known as necrosis) which will lead later to a limb amputation.
5- Don’t Remove the Bandages
If you noticed that the bleeding has stopped don’t remove the bandage you applied. Keep it on the wound and get the injured person or yourself to the medical care as soon as possible.
6- Always Seek Professional Help
All the steps mentioned are to temporarily treat a major wound, professional help is always needed.
So remember while treating wounds to seek help by calling emergency numbers if possible. Be careful of signs of internal bleeding which include:
-Pain in the area of the body affected.
-Vomiting, seizure, or coma and unconsciousness.
-Bleeding from a body orifice (mouth, nose, ears, anus, vagina,o r urethra).
Do you totally agree with what i mentioned above ?
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